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Judge in New Testement

These are the various Greek words that are translated as JUDGE in our English NT

 

Greek Def#: 1252

  1. diakrino {dee-ak-ree’-no}; from 1223 and 2919; to separate thoroughly, i.e. (literally and reflexively) to withdraw from, or (by implication) oppose; figuratively, to discriminate (by implication, decide), or (reflexively) hesitate: -contend, make (to) differ(-ence), discern, doubt, judge, be partial, stagger,  waver. Found in:  1 Cor 6:5, 11:31, 14:29

 

Greek Def#: 1348

  1. dikastes {dik-as-tace’}; from a derivative of 1349; a judger: -judge. Found in:  Luke 12:14 Acts 7:27,  7:35

 

Greek Def#: 1349.

1349 dike {dee’-kay}; probably from 1166;  right (as self-evident), i.e. justice (the principle, a decision, or its execution); – judgment, punish, vengeance

 

Greek Def#: 2919

  1. krino {kree’-no}; properly, to distinguish, i.e. decide (mentally or judicially); by implication, to try, condemn, punish: -avenge, conclude, condemn, damn, decree, determine, esteem, judge, go to (sue at the) law, ordain, call in question, sentence to, think. Found in:  Matt 7:1, 7:2 Luke 6:37, 12:57, 19:22 John 5:30, 7:24, 7:51, 8:15, 8:16, 8:26, 12:47, 12:48, 18:31, Acts 4:19, 7:7, 13:46, 17:31, 23:3 Rom 2:16, 2:27, 3:6, 14:3, 14:10, 14:13 1Cor 4:5, 5:12, 6:2, 6:3, 10:15, 11:13 2Cor 5:14 Col 2:16 2Tim 4:1, Heb 10:30, 13:4, 4:11, 1Pet 4:5, Rev 6:10, 19:11

 

Greek Def#: 350

  1. anakrino {an-ak-ree’-no}; from 303 and 2919; properly, to scrutinize, i.e. (by implication) investigate, interrogate, determine: -ask, question, discern, examine, judge, search. Found only in: 1Cor 4:3

 

Greek Def#: 2923

  1. krites {kree-tace’}; from 2919; a judge (genitive case or specially): -judge Found in: Matt 5:25 Luke 12:58, 18:2, 18:6, Acts 10:42, 18:15, 24:10 2Tim 4:8 Heb 12:23 James 5:9

As you can see, the meaning of (our one English word) judge, as used in the New Testament, can have a very large range of meaning in Greek.  It can range in meaning from a simple daily decision made by man, to the final judgment of an individual, an action reserved for God only.  There are judgments that must be made by man concerning the right or wrong actions of others.  In fact, Jesus requires it:

John 7:24
24  Do not judge according to appearance, but judge with righteous judgment.”